When adding that all-important finishing touch to a project, let a few key design principles be your guide.

Crocheted borders work on many types of fabric, including crocheted, knitted, and woven. You can add a crocheted edging to non-woven fabric, such as felt or fleece, and you can make separate borders and sew or glue them onto other types of material.

Choosing a border design may seem overwhelming. After all, there are so many to choose from! Your choice will be determined by the project, your personal taste, and the taste of the person who will be using it. You may just go with your instincts when choosing a border, but if you want a more structured approach, you might keep in mind some of the following principles.

Choices: Form Follows Function

Simple, narrow borders may serve mostly functional tasks: hiding yarn ends, stabilizing edges, and serving as button and buttonhole bands. They may be the best choice to frame a throw or shawl or other item that is particularly busy, multicolored, or highly textured. In other words, for these projects, let the main fabric be the main act and the border be the supporting cast.

More decorative edgings, on the other hand, may be the focal point of a design, or at least may serve to enhance and complement the main fabric. As a matter of fact, some borders are so versatile that they can be used for more than just borders! That fringy, dangly border that might not be the best choice for a much-used child’s blankie might be perfect made into a necklace.

Complement vs. Contrast

Consider choosing a border that picks up some aspect of the main fabric.

granny square border fancy border crochet

(On the left) This border consists of granny squares and would look terrific on an afghan composed of granny squares. (On the right) A very plain fabric may be enhanced by a fancy border, as demonstrated by this fan-based design on shell-stitch fabric. Photos by John Polak, excerpted from Every Which Way Crochet Borders.

crochet borders with contrasting shapes and colors

(On the left) This example uses the same stitch pattern as the main fabric, but with reversed colors. (On the right) A crazy, multicolored fabric might need the setting influence of a solid-colored border. Photos by John Polak, excerpted from Every Which Way Crochet Borders.

A Matter of Scale

Pay attention to the scale of your border as it relates to whatever you are attaching it to. Avoid overwhelming a tiny project with a too-wide border, as seen in the photo at the left. (Unless, of course, that’s the look you are going for!)

The Potential in Color

Colors play a very important part in design; a simple change of color can completely change the look of a border, as you can see in the examples on the facing page. A solid color used throughout can highlight the shape of the overall design, while a multicolor yarn may confuse and muddy that same shape. Using different solid colors in separate rounds can highlight individual stitches or groups of stitches. The order of the colors can matter; two colors may seem to go well in theory, but have unexpectedly unhappy results when placed next to each other. The color of the final round sets the tone of the entire border. You may need to play with color placement to ensure that the final round stands up to its role as both design anchor and focal point. And of course, we all have color preferences. Don’t dismiss a border in the book based on color alone. You might love it in a different color!

crochet borders worked in solid colors

The same border worked in two very different solid colors. Photos by John Polak, excerpted from Every Which Way Crochet Borders

crochet border worked in multicolor and different colors on different rows

(On the left) Here, the same border as above is worked in a multicolor, and (on the right) worked with three different colors, on different rows. Photos by John Polak, excerpted from Every Which Way Crochet Borders.

It’s All About the Yarn

Beyond color choice — or perhaps before it — is yarn choice. Different fibers and yarn weights will make the same border look very different. When working on crocheted, knit, or woven fabrics, you will usually be using the same yarn that was used in the main fabric. This ensures that the weight and scale of the yarn works with the design. However, when this is not the case — either because the border is going on a non-yarn background or you are simply changing the yarn — you’ll want to consider the scale of the border yarn and stitches and how they relate to the thing the border is attached to.

Crochet borders yarn choice

(On the left) A border worked in laceweight mohair and (on the right) the same border worked in cotton thread. Photos by John Polak, excerpted from Every Which Way Crochet Borders.

crochet borders yarn choices

(On the left) The same border as above worked in smooth worsted wool and (on the right), worked in bulky alpaca. Photos by John Polak, excerpted from Every Which Way Crochet Borders.

Text excerpted from Every Which Way Crochet Borders © 2017 by Edith L. Eckman. All rights reserved.

Edie Eckman

Edie Eckman is the author of Connect the Shapes Crochet Motifs, Around the Corner Crochet Borders, Beyond the Square Crochet Motifs, The Crochet Answer Book, and… See Bio

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Every Which Way Crochet Borders

by Edie Eckman

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